Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (ENT)

Otorhinolaryngology (or otolaryngology, as it is commonly known), is the study of ear, nose and throat (ENT) conditions. Anaesthetist is with the patient throughout the operation, giving the drugs necessary to keep the patient anaesthetised and ensuring the safest and optimum conditions for surgery.


Otorhinolaryngology (or otolaryngology, as it is commonly known), is one of the oldest medical specialties in the world and forms a significant part of both community, as well as hospital, practice. The head and neck contain a number of our sense organs and as an ENT surgeon you will deal with problems affecting hearing, balance, taste and smell. Parts of the head and neck also form an interface between the external world and our internal environment and can often be affected by infections and inflammatory conditions.

Since the head/face/neck forms a visible portion of our bodies, as an ENT surgeon you must be cognisant of the cosmetic aspects of their interventions. For the same reason, procedures such as the nose and ear reshaping may also form a part of your workload. Otolaryngologists also treat children with a range of problems, such as tonsillitis, glue ear and airway abnormalities, while adult patients are often treated for sinus infections, age-related hearing loss and, occasionally, cancers of the head and neck.

CST (see General Surgery)

Core Surgical Training (CST) see General Surgery

In Surgery, initial training equivalent to BST is called Core Surgical Training (CST) of 2 years [known as ST1-ST2] which must completed before applying for HST in relevant Surgical Specialty of up to 6 years [known as ST3-ST8]. CST is included in the General Surgery page but also applies to the other surgrical specilaities.

Higher Specialist Training (HST)


  • Have completed a Medical Degree.
  • Be eligible for inclusion on the Trainee Specialist Division of the Medical Council Register at the time of application.
  • Certificate of Completion of Core Surgical Training - CST is a minimum duration of two years of structured Core or Basic training, post internship.
  • Successful completion of MRCS part A&B/DOHNS Part B
  • For non-Ireland, -UK, -Australia, -Canada, -New Zealand or -US: An IELTS certificate OR the Occupational English Test (OET).